Iron County is located in northwestern Wisconsin and encompasses 484,660 acres (757.3 square miles). The Montreal River separates the county from Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, Lake Superior forms the northern boundary, Ashland County is to the west and Price County to the south. It includes parts of two Native American Reservations, the Turtle Flambeau Flowage, and part of the Northern Highland State Forest.
Iron County has 494 lakes and flowages and 222 named streams. Inland lakes make up over six percent of Iron County’s total surface area and approximately 32% of the county’s land base is mapped as wetland. Approximately 1.6% the county’s land use is agriculture. Forestry and recreation are the major land uses. More than 86% Iron County’s landscape is forested. Iron County’s inland lakes and rivers, Lake Superior, natural beauty, and vast forests support a wide range of recreational opportunities of which sustain the area’s main source of economic income – tourism.
Detailed information about Iron County, including geology, soils, groundwater, surface waters, forests, invasive species, population, recreation, and agriculture is located under the Resource Assessment link.